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Instruments
Spielmannszug Forchheim - Bogen
Transverse Flute / Marching Flute
The marching flute is a transverse flute with finger holes. It is a descendant of the fife and had been used since the renaissance mainly in the military. The flute was originally made of wood and therefore it is a woodwind. Today it is mainly made of metal.
We use soprano, alto, tenor and discant flutes in the tunings C flat and F flat.
The marching flute is a ideal beginner instrument and can be learned starting at the age of six.
Transverse Flute / Marching Flute

Percussion
Here the percussion instruments are grouped. The sound is produced by striking or shaking of the instrument.
Bass Drum
The bass drum is a percussion instrument that is played standing vertical using a large felt mallet. It arrived in Europe with the Turkish Janissary music and is used for striking the basic rhythm.
Bass Drum
Cymbals
Cymbals / Clash-Cymbals are two brass plates that are striked together to produce the sound. They arrived in Europe with the Turkish Janissary music and are used mostly parallel to the bass drum.
Cymbals
Snare Drum
The snare drum is a double-headed drum with snares on the resonance head. Our drums have a metal shell and plastic heads.
We use silver snare drums in differenz sizes.
We teach the snare drum and the rest of the percussion starting at third grade.
Snare Drum
Field Drum
This type of drum is common since the late Middle Ages in Europe. The main task of the field drum was to provide signals and marching rhythm.
Field Drum
Percussion
Within the further percussion instruments are amongst others bongos, cabasa, tambourine, marimba, shaker, chimes, claves, cowbell, maracas, guiro, vibraslap and triangle. They are used as effect instruments in several pieces of music.
Percussion

Fanfare
The fanfare is a natural trumpet. It is not equipped with valves or keys and can therefore only play notes of the harmonic series. Natural trumpets are used in different shapes and forms since the early antiquity. In the early Middle Ages the instrument was used for courtly and military purposes. In the Baroque demanding and difficult pieces for example of Georg Friedrich Händel and Johann Sebastian Bach were played by changing the embouchure and tongue position. After the invention of the valve technology, the application of natural trumpets was almost reduced to military signaling only.
We use fanfares in tuning E flat.
The fanfare can be learned from the age of ten to twelve. The incisors of the permanent teeth should be present.
Fanfare

Lyra
The lyra / bell lyre is a glockenspiel with horizontal tuned sound plates which are played by a hard rubber, wood or plastic mallet. The instrument resembles in its shape the Greek lyre (an ancient stringed instrument) and therefore bears this name.
Lyra

Woodwinds
Here the woodwind instruments, that is instruments that produce the sound by blowing air over a reed or a sharp edge and are mostly (at least originally) build of wood, are grouped.
Transverse Flute / Concert Flute
The concert flute - like the marching flute - is a descendant of the fife and belongs to the woodwind instruments. In 1832 the instrument maker Theobald Boehm developed a chromatic key system which gave the flute a different sound and is still used.
The piccolo is a smaller form of the transverse flute and tuned an octave higher. It is basically an advanced fife, which is provided with keys of the Boehm system.
Transverse Flute / Concert Flute
Clarinet
The clarinet is a woodwind instrument that is equipped with finger holes and keys. The sound is produced by a single wooden reed. Such single-reed instruments have been used since ancient times. Towards the end of the 17th century the ancestor of the clarinet - the chalumeau - was developed. Short times later the first forms of the clarinet, which were equipped with more and more keys to extend the tonal range and a wooden bell, followed.
We use clarinets with the german system in tuning B flat.
The clarinet can be learned from the age of nine or ten (depending on the finger and hand size).
Clarinet
Saxophone
The saxophone was developed in 1840 by the Belgian Adolphe Sax. The instrument has a mouthpiece similar to the clarinet, but has a conical brass body. The sound is produced using a single wooden reed like a clarinet.
We use alto saxophones in tuning E flat and tenor saxophones in tuning B flat.
The saxophone can be learned from the age of ten (alto saxophone) respectively 12 (tenor saxophone) (depending on the finger and hand size).
Saxophone

High Brass
Here the brass instruments playing in a high pitch are grouped. The sound is produced with a mouthpiece by the lips of the player.
Trumpet
The trumpet is a high brass instrument that can change the pitch using valves. It is a further development of the natural trumpet (see Fanfare) and belongs to the family of trumpet instruments.
We use trumpets in tuning B flat.
The education is possible starting around the third grade. The incisors of the permanent teeth should be present.
Trumpet
Flugelhorn
The flugelhorn is a high brass instrument and belongs to the family of Bugles. It is similar in shape and sound to a trumpet but has a smoother sound.
We use flugelhorns in tuning B flat.
We don't teach flugelhorn separately. The education is done on trumpet.
Flugelhorn

Low Brass
Here the brass instruments playing in a low pitch are grouped. The sound is produced with a mouthpiece by the lips of the player.
Trombone
The trombone is a low brass instrument and belongs to the family of trumpet instruments. The pitch is not changed by valves but by a slide. The trombone evolved in its today form already 1450 from a further development of the natural trumpet.
We use tenor trombones in tuning B flat.
The trombone can be learned from the age of nine.
Trombone
Horn / French Horn
The horn is a brass instrument which has developed from the parforce horn and the natural horn but is played with valves.
We use horns in tuning F and B flat.
The tenor horn can be learned from the age of nine.
Tenor Horn / Baritone
The tenor horn is a brass instrument and belongs to the family of bugles. It was developed as a lower form of the flugelhorn and first used 1847.
The baritone / baritone horn is a tenor horn with a more conical shape, and therefore has a smoother sound.
We use tenor horns in tuning B flat.
The tenor horn can be learned from the age of nine.
Tenor Horn / Baritone
Tuba
The tuba is a low brass instrument of family of bugles that can change the pitch using valves. The first tuba was developed around 1835 in Berlin.
We use tubas in tuning B flat.
The tuba can be learned from the age of ten. However, a certain strength is a basic requirement to ensure that the instrument can be held and carried.
Tuba
Sousaphone
The sousaphone is a type of tuba, which was built at the initiative of the American composer John Philip Sousa. Contrary to the tuba it is not carried in front of but around the body. On today sousaphones the bell is facing - contrary to the original - to the front.
We use sousaphones in tuning B flat.
We do not teach the sousaphone separately. It is played like a tuba and is used by our tuba players on parades.

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